Ten years ago, U.S. trade negotiators began discussing a comprehensive international agreement between the United States, China, Japan and nine other Asian nations. The Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) will set the rules that govern 40 per cent of the world economy. It is commonly referred to as trade agreements, but trade is a small part of the pact. Trade rules represent only five of the 29 chapters of the treaty. Former British Prime Minister David Cameron has said that critics of free trade should not use the National Health Service (NHS) to divert people`s attention and speak honestly about trade deals. The UK Department for Business, Innovation and Qualifications said TTIP provided adequate protection for the UK NHS. [102] The bellicose rhetoric around TAFTA is not unzul.o. Controversial dispute settlement clause for investors.

This clause is included to protect foreign investors from government discrimination. However, opponents of the agreement argue that, in practice, the investor-state dispute settlement mechanism will mean that companies essentially reserve the right to sue any foreign government in a country in which they operate if they do not like local legislation. Legal proceedings are often private and tend to favour companies. As such, millions of dollars may have been paid to private companies in compensation. Few people can access documents known as „consolidated texts,“ projects that contain the most recent results of the negotiations. On the European side, the negotiators of the European Commission (mostly from the Directorate General of Trade), MEPs from the European Union and MEPs from the European Union. [65] At the insistence of the United States, the documents are no longer transmitted as electronic documents or even printed. [5] They are only available in secure premises at the European Commission headquarters in Brussels, in a number of US embassies[5] and in the offices of The Trade Ministries of the Member States. [65] In all of these secure rooms, phones or any other type of scanning devices are prohibited.

[5] Blank sheet of paper bearing the reader`s names are available, on which visitors can write down their notes. [65] On the U.S. side, the procedure is similar: only senators and USTR negotiators can access the documents and must meet similar conditions. [5] The United States has emphasized the same security precautions for proposed Trans-Pacific Partnership proposals. [5] Critics of TTIP argue that „ISDS rules undermine the power of national governments to act in the interests of their citizens“[14] that „TTIP could even undermine the democratic authority of local government“[17] and threaten democracy. [86] France and Germany have stated that they want to remove TTIP`s access to investor-state dispute settlement. [87] In December 2013, a coalition of more than 200 environmentalists, trade unions and consumer associations on both sides of the Atlantic sent a letter to the USTR and the European Commission calling for the settlement of investor-state disputes to be withdrawn from trade negotiations, saying ISDS was „a one-way street by which companies can challenge government policy , but does not grant comparable rights to governments or individuals to hold companies to account.“ [88] [89] Some point to the „potential for abuse“ that may be inherent in the trade agreement because of its investor protection clauses. [90] [91] A recent study shows that there is indeed remarkably strong and consistent opposition to the trade agreement in investor-state dispute settlement (ISDR), and that this dispute settlement effect is characterized by characteristic cuts to key attributes of the individual, including qualification levels, information and national mood, which have been considered key factors in the business attitude. [92] The Guardian called TTIP „the most controversial trade agreement ever negotiated by the EU.“ [18] TT negotiations