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In 1903 a shelter roof of corrugated iron supported by redwood timbers was built over the Casa Grande, and between 1906 and 1908 major excavations and repairs of the ruins were conducted under the direction of. Inside, there are exhibits, bookstore, park orientation, and a twenty-two minute film. President Woodrow Wilson proclaimed Casa Grande Ruins to be a National Monument on August 3, 1918 and management of the Ruins was transferred to the National Park Service. visited the Casa Grande ruins in 1883-1884 and reported on its condition and probable significance. The east side of the Casa Grande ca. Casa Grande Ruins National Monument contains an imposing 4-storey building dating from the late Hohokam period, probably 14th century and contemporary with other well preserved ruins in Arizona such as the Tonto and Montezuma Castle monuments. Frank Pinkley stayed on as custodian and eventually became the superintendent of all southwest monuments. More became known about the ruins with the later visits of Lt. Col. Juan Bautista de Anza's expedition in 1775 and Brig. It was declared a National Monument in 1918, but its federal protection had been underway since 1892 making it the first reserve for a prehistoric cultural site in the U.S. Become a Junior Ranger! Casa Grande Ruins National Monument: Frank ("Boss") Pinkley, Supt. Winter temperatures range from the 60s to the 80s. Casa Grande Ruins National Monument (O'odham: Siwañ Waʼa Ki: or Sivan Vahki[5]), in Coolidge, Arizona, just northeast of the city of Casa Grande, preserves a group of Hohokam structures dating to the Classic Period (1150-1450 C.E.). Gen. Stephen Watts Kearny's military detachment in 1846. Part of his promotion effort was to produce a wide range of literature about Casa Grande Ruins and to host the annual Arizona Pageant from 1926 to 1930. Local mines produce copper, silver, and gold. Callers may dial zero for the phone attendant. Shortly after in 1932, the park service constructed the canopy in efforts to further protect the walls and floors from the elements. Casa Grande Ruins National Monument Casa Grande Visitor Center - Built in 1932, but not finished until 1956, the Visitor Center building itself is a modern treat for the adobe fan. Activities for Kids. Casa Grande Ruins, the nation's first archeological preserve, protects the Casa Grande and other archeological sites within its boundaries. An Ancient Sonoran Desert People's farming community and "Great House" are preserved at Casa Grande Ruins. The structure is made of caliche, and has managed to survive the extreme weather conditions for about seven centuries. Info; Alerts; Maps; Calendar; ... 1100 W. Ruins Drive Coolidge, AZ 85128 . "Casa Grande" is Spanish for "big house". The adobe buildings, constructed using traditional methods, continue in use today and are now listed on the National Register of Historic Places. [7] The process consisted of using damp adobe to form the walls and then waiting for it to dry, and then building it up with more adobe. The mountain ranges around the monument are pre-Cambrian granites and schists. President Woodrow Wilson proclaimed Casa Grande Ruins to be a National Monument on August 3, 1918 and management of the Ruins was transferred to the National Park Service. Archeologists call a site where there are earthen buildings, red on buff pottery, and extensive canals "Hohokam" but this is not the name of a tribe or a people. Casa Grande Ruins National Monument lies within the basin and range area of southern Arizona which is a part of the Sonoran Desert. Learn more about the history and culture at Casa Grande Ruins National Monument using our website. This is an artist's depiction of the Casa Grande ("Great House") and its surrounding compound as it may have appeared around 1350 C.E. Virtually Experience Casa Grande Ruins As a result, several influential Bostonians urged Massachusetts Senator George F. Hoar to present a petition before the U. S. Senate in 1889 requesting that the government take steps to repair and protect the ruins. In Casa Grande Ruins National Monument. In his description of the large ancient structure before him, he wrote the words "casa grande" (or "great house") which are still used today. Casa Grande Ruins National Monument, Arizona: A Centennial History of the First Prehistoric Reserve, 1892-1992, by A. Berle Clemensen (illustrated HTML at National Park Service) Items below (if any) are from related and broader terms. The Hemenway Southwestern Archaeological Expedition of 1887-1888, sponsored by Massachusetts philanthropist. Phone: (520) 723-3172 General park contact number includes a phone tree for finding the employee you wish to contact. Want to help us take care of it? To protect its integrity, observation by visitors is only permitted outside the structure. Casa Grande Ruins National Monument ... Park Fun. Casa Grande Ruins. Casa Grande Ruins National Monument has many stories to learn and places to explore, both in the park and online. An Ancestral Sonoran Desert People's farming community and "Great House" are preserved at Casa Grande Ruins. The nearly level This page is a work-in-progress just as the studies and listings of animals at Casa Grande Ruins National Monument continues as a work-in-progress. The Hemenway Southwestern Archaeological Expedition of 1887-1888, sponsored by Massachusetts philanthropist Mary Hemenway and led by anthropologist Frank H. Cushing, produced further information on the deterioration of the Casa Grande. (520) 723-3172 Contact the Park. The Friends of Casa Grande Ruins is a nonprofit, citizen-based organization, which was formed to support Casa Grande Ruins National Monument and assist in the preservation, protection, interpretation, and enjoyment of the Monument for present and future generations. Downloadable activities for kids to complete at home. Anthropologist and historian Adolph Bandelier visited the Casa Grande ruins in 1883-1884 and reported on its condition and probable significance. … Explore and learn about Casa Grande Ruins online through our Fun Facts pages. Restaurants near Casa Grande Ruins National Monument: (0.85 mi) Casa Palomino Mexican Restaurant (0.70 mi) Sonic Drive-In (0.76 mi) Starbucks (1.36 mi) Tag's Cafe (0.91 mi) McDonald's; View all restaurants near Casa Grande Ruins National Monument on Tripadvisor $ Archaeologists believe that ancient Sonoran … The main part of the visitor center building with adjacent parking lot and entrance road, and a new steel shelter roof over the Casa Grande, were completed in 1932. The Casa Grande was abandoned around 1450 C.E. The large house consists of outer rooms surrounding an inner structure. constructed a number of adobe buildings to support park operations. Since the ancestral Sonoran Desert people who built it left no written language behind, written historic accounts of the Casa Grande begin with the journal entries of Padre Eusebio Francisco Kino when he visited the ruins in 1694. Casa Grande Ruins National Monument, Arizona, protects a large ancient ruin (the so-called “big house”) of the native Hohokam people in southern Arizona. Casa Grande contained a ball court much like that found at Pueblo Grande de Nevada. In 1891, the monument underwent repairs supervised by Cosmos Mindeleff of the Bureau of American Ethnology, until funds ran out. of the Southwestern Monuments in 1934. [8] Graffiti from 19th-century passers-by is scratched into its walls; though this is now illegal. [6], In 1932, a ramada to shelter the ruins from weathering was built by Boston architect Frederick Law Olmsted, Jr.[9] In the early 21st century, a pair of great horned owls took up residence in the rafters of the Olmsted shelter.[10]. Casa Grande Ruins National Monument (O'odham: Siwañ Waʼa Ki: or Sivan Vahki ), in Coolidge, Arizona, just northeast of the city of Casa Grande, preserves a group of Hohokam structures dating to the Classic Period (1150-1450 C.E. It is named after the Casa Grande Ruins National Monument, which is actually located in Coolidge. Built by Salado Indians, a Pueblo people, in the early 14th century, it is the only pre-Columbian building of its type in existence. Summer daytime temperatures may exceed 100 degrees. Several important construction projects were undertaken during the 1930's. Part of his promotion effort was to produce a wide range of literature about Casa Grande Ruins and to host the annual Arizona Pageant from 1926 to 1930. NPS: Arizona: August 3, 1918: 472.5 acres (1.9 km 2) 62,995 This monument preserves a group of structures surrounded by a compound wall in the Gila Valley that were built in the early 13th century. Read More; In Casa Grande …14th century by the indigenous Salado people. Voicemail is available for many of the extensions. As a result, the general physical appearance of Casa Grande Ruins has changed very little since the 1940's. They took evidence that archeologists might have used to learn about the Hohokam. Frank Pinkley stayed on as custodian and eventually became the superintendent of all southwest monuments. National Monument Arizona. Casa Grande Has Been Around Since About 1350 C.E. An Ancient Sonoran Desert People's farming community and "Great House" are preserved at Casa Grande Ruins. Because of careful conservation, the physical appearance of Casa Grande Ruins has hardly changed since the 1940s. Casa Grande Ruins National Monument: Interesting facts about the Ancentral People of the Sonoran Desert - See 482 traveler reviews, 478 candid photos, and … Casa Grande Ruins. Casa Grande, city, Pinal county, south-central Arizona, U.S. Between 1937 and 1940, the Civilian Conservation Corps constructed a number of adobe buildings to support park operations. Between 1937 and 1940 the Civilian Conservation Corps built several adobe buildings to serve as housing and administrative offices for the national monument. Due to the fragile nature of the "Great House," visitors to the site are not permitted inside. Archeologists have discovered evidence that the ancestral Sonoran Desert people who built the Casa Grande also developed wide-scale irrigation farming and extensive trade connections which lasted over a thousand years until about 1450 C.E. Spring and fall are warm and dry, with highs in the 80's and 90's. Authorized as Casa Grande Ruins Reservation in 1889 and proclaimed as such in 1892, the site was designated a national monument in 1918. Subsequent articles written about the Casa Grande increased public interest. During the 1860's through the 1880's more people began to visit the ruins with the arrival of a railroad line twenty miles to the west and a connecting stagecoach route that ran right by the Casa Grande. Casa Grande Ruins National Monument: Casa Grande Ruins NM - See 483 traveler reviews, 478 candid photos, and great deals for Coolidge, AZ, at Tripadvisor. Most of the lower walls visible today were uncovered at that time. ). "Casa Grande" is Spanish for "big house" (Siwañ Wa'a Ki: in O'odham); these names refer to the largest structure on the site, which is what remains of a four-story structure that may have been abandoned by 1450. Most of the lower walls visible today were uncovered at that time. Established in 1892, the Casa Grande Ruins National Monument, in Coolidge, Arizona, was the first prehistoric and cultural preserve established in the United States. For over a thousand years, prehistoric farmers inhabited much of the present-day state of Arizona. The wet adobe is thicker at the base and adds significant strength. Casa Grand Ruins National Monument is almost midway between Phoenix and Tucson, Arizona near Interestates 8 and 10. 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